Programming is defined as the foundation of the revolution occurring in the internet and gadget industry. Through programming, you can teach a robot, make an app to teach a robot, and build the robot itself. We have become highly dependent upon programming because of the powers it is capable of.
All of us might not be doing the programming on our own, but we have some people who are working on programs to introduce a better way of living. Social media is the most prominent example of one of the best innovations done by programmers. They thought of connecting people in different ways, and here we are today!
Programmers have revolutionized the entire world and will continue to amaze us. These programmers would be nothing without a tool which helps them in converting ideas into reality. These tools are known as programming languages. Programming languages are difficult to catch up with and have a lot more than words could explain. But here are top 5 programming languages which you should learn before 2019 runs out. Go through these and step in 2020 all set and prepared to take on.
Python is a general-purpose programming language which is mainly used to develop libraries and tools. It is noted that Python is beneficial for the development of backend web, artificial intelligence, scientific computing, and data analysis.
Python is available in multiple implementations like Jython for Java Virtual Machine, IronPython in C# (for common language infrastructure), RPyhton in PyPy version.
If used with modules, the implementations can interact in a language other than the native language in which they are being written.
Perks of learning Python:
a. Unbeatable Library: It has a large library which consists of areas like internet protocols, Operating System Interface, String operations, and web services tools.
b. Can interact with other languages: Python has a third party module which enables it to interact with other languages.
c. Efficient to use: Built with the clean object-oriented design, it is capable of process control, text processing, and strong integration.
d. Free to use: What is better than getting libraries for free? This language is free for all, and the commercial form of this is also free, so now all you go to do is, learn to code it.
e. Super Easy to learn and implement: Python is easy to learn. This language can be best utilized by beginners. Code style guidelines and PEP8 can help format the code.
Popularly known as JS, this is a high-level interpreted scripting language. JS follows ECMAScript specifications. This language is object-oriented, multi-paradigm, dynamic, imperative, and prototype-based.
Language can be used in non-browser environments. JS is used to design, program web pages, and control web-behavior.
- “If” statements
- “While” / “For” loops
- “Switch, Catch” blocks function
a. Object-based scripting language
c. Serves multipurpose: This language is used by different databases which makes it easier to work upon those databases.
d. Has in-built functions
Java is a class-based and object-oriented, general-purpose programming language. If the platform is Java friendly, then there is no need of recompiling for running Java. Java applications are compiled to bytecode that can run on any Java Virtual Machine. Java can be called as the revised derivation from C and C++.
Being the easiest language to learn, it has become a widely used language. Also, it is designed according to the distributed environment of the internet. Java is also used for creating entire applications.
Features of Java:
a. An object-oriented Language
b. Is easy to study
c. Provides 100% secrecy to data
d. Flexible: It is platform-independent and works according to the nature of the platform.
4. Ruby on Rails:
Ruby on rails is general-purpose programming which is interpreted and is of high-level. Its main purpose is to collect garbage (is a dynamic type of language which supports multiple programming paradigms). Like Java, it is also object-oriented, but it is also the more procedural and functional type of programming. You can say, it is not everyone’s cup of tea.
Web developers are provided with a framework and structure to write code by the development tools called Rails. This is used in building websites and applications.
The key motive of Ruby is “Convention over configuration.”
Why this is worth a shot?
a. Possess a commendable speed as compared to other frameworks and languages
b. Coding structure doesn’t differ; this makes coding easy and effective.
c. Recommended for Rapid Application Development(RAD)
d. Has a strong impact on testing
e. Consist of the open-source library
5. Hypertext Pre Processor aka PHP:
Currently, at demand, this language is general-purpose especially designed for web development. Its code is processed by the PHP interpreter in the webserver and PHP code is executed with Command-line scripting (CLI).
PHP is a scripting language which takes up server-side web development. Which means this can be used for the client-side GUI ad CLI. This has features like a costly language but is available for free, which is why this has become the main reason behind the wide demands for a PHP developer.
PHP serves a purpose of filter, which means that it converts the input (taken from text) into output (another stream). Its most common output is HTML. PHP is a client-oriented and server-side language which delivers the content to the client via different webservers.
Go for PHP because:
a. It supports MySQL, Oracle, database management, etc.,
b. Can run on Linux, Windows and all
c. An easy deal: can be learned easily and executed easily
d. Is platform independent with flexibility at its best